BUYER BE AWARE - Taxability of second home
For a majority of wealthy people, real estate has emerged as one of the most profitable investment options in recent years. We give below a primer on the tax implications on a second home under the I-T Act 1961.
Second house is let-out:
If the second house is let out on rent, then rent received from the property will be taxed. For instance, Sunil has two flats in Delhi--one in Patparganj and the other in Mayur Vihar.Out of the two flats, he retains the Patparganj flat for his residence and rents out the Mayur Vihar flat to one of his colleagues, which fetches a rental income of Rs 10,000 per month.
“Thus, the annual rental income of Rs 1,20,000 from the Mayur Vihar flat--after reducing the municipal taxes, standard deduction, and interest--shall be taxable on Sunil,“ Vineet Agarwal, partner at KPMG, India, says.
Second house is self-occupied:
In this case, the owner will have the option to select any one property as being used for self-occupation. The other property will be treated as `deemed to be let out' and the estimated annual rent will be considered as taxable. Taking the first example cited, we assume that while the Patparganj flat is retained for Sunil's residence, the Mayur Vihar flat is occupied by Sunil's family. In such a situation, Sunil has an option to treat either of the two flats as self-occupied and consider the other as deemed to be let-out.
“The flat considered as deemed to be let-out will be taxed on a notional rental income that the flat can generate. If the notional rent of the Patparganj flat, for instance, is Rs 2,00,000 per annum and of the Mayur Vihar flat is Rs 2,60,000 per annum, then Sunil can treat the Mayur Vihar flat as self-occupied and the rent of Rs 2,00,000 from the Patparganj flat will be liable for tax, after providing for necessary deductions like municipal taxes, standard deduction, and interest,“ Agarwal says.
Second house remains vacant:
In case the second house remains vacant, that house will be treated as `deemed to be let out' and the estimated annual rent will be considered as the taxable value. For example, if Sunil opts to keep the second flat as vacant, then one of the flats has to be considered as deemed to be let out and the notional value will be taxed.
Second house is used as a holiday home:
As the benefit of self-occupied property is available for only one home, the estimated annual rent will be considered as the taxable value. For instance, Mohit has a property in Delhi, which is occupied for his own residence. He also has a small apartment in Shimla, which he uses as a holiday home.
“In such a scenario, though Mohit generates no real income from either of the property, he can consider only one of the property as self-occupied. If he considers the Delhi house as self-occupied, then the Shimla property will be treated as deemed to be let out and the expected rental income will be taxed after reducing municipal taxes, standard deduction, and interest,“ Agarwal says.